Pros and Cons of Pro-Hormones

A prohormone refers to a committed intra-glandular precursor of a hormone, usually possessing minimal hormonal effect by itself. Although not hormones themselves, prohormones amplify the effects of current hormones.

Within the final two decades, prohormones have also been made use of by bodybuilders, athletes, and nonmedical users of anabolic steroids as well as other hormones to refer to substances that are anticipated to convert to active hormones within the physique. The
should be to offer the advantages of taking an anabolic steroid with no the legal risks, and to attain the hoped-for rewards or benefits with out use of anabolic steroids themselves. Many of those compounds are legal to manufacture, sell, possess and ingest eliminating the legal troubles related with schedule III anabolic steroids. The typical definition of “prohormone” includes a steroidal molecule that has the opposite molecular structure to testosterone on either the 3a/b position or the 17b position. Testosterone features a ketone group on the 3 carbon in addition to a hydroxyl around the 17b carbon. A steroid with modifications away from testosterone in 1 or both of those locations is commonly known as a “prohormone”. These enzymatic adjustments happen together with the body’s bidirectional enzymes.

typical prohormone is intended to be a precursor of an anabolic steroid like testosterone, that is taken in order to increase the body’s out there hormone provide. These precursors are intended to become converted to complete, active hormones through an enzymatic course of action that happens for the duration of metabolism, usually resulting inside the addition of whichever atoms happen to be missing from the chemical structure of your compound.Prohormones are applied mainly by athletes hunting to increase size, strength, endurance, reduce recovery time or add lean body mass. They may be most usually utilized for rising muscle mass or reducing body fat levels. Life extension groups are also increasingly applying prohormones as a signifies of hormone replacement therapy, as an alternative to prescription drug use. Furthermore there is certainly a movement to make use of prohormones of androgens to assist offset the damaging effects of environmental androgens around the body. Chemical endocrine disruptor agents like bisphenol A are becoming recognized as getting the ability to skew the androgen to estrogen ratio. This skewed ratio can have lots of adverse effects on males, which includes sexual overall performance, impotence as well as other testosterone dependent body functions.

The use of prohormones has come to be popular amongst athletes and bodybuilders, considering the fact that the effects is often similar (though normally much less drastic) to these accomplished via the usage of synthetic anabolic steroids, which includes gains in muscular strength and hypertrophy.

You’ll find at the moment quite a few organizations manufacturing prohormone solutions for this goal.Prohormones possess the identical negative effects as anabolic steroids, and are dependent upon the user as to which side effects one particular may possibly knowledge. Some unwanted effects are acne, hair loss, breast tissue enlargement, and prostate swelling nonetheless they are specific to each and every kind of prohormone and reports of side effects are usually minimal.The potential for these unwanted side effects does exist, nevertheless it is usually lowered if one makes use of proper precautionary measures for instance post cycle therapy (PCT). Frequently, if an individual is genetically predisposed to a side impact it is going to happen (i.e.: if someone features a history of male pattern baldness within the household, it might be assumed that this might be a side effect knowledgeable if prohormones are employed)

As you can see the pros are basically muscle growth, lean body mass gain, fat burning, strength gains etc..  The cons are extra stress on your liver and kidneys. Some side-effects associated to anabolic / androgenic steroids, continue reading.

On October 22, 2004, President Bush signed into law the Anabolic Steroid

Control Act of 2004 (118 Stat. 1661). The bill was written to turn out to be successful in 90 days, which was January 20, 2005. This legislation places each anabolic steroids and a few prohormones on a list of controlled substances 

Common types of prohormones prior to 2004 anabolic control act

Converts to: testosterone via 17bHSD
Research indicates a conversion rate of about 5.9%, which means that of the amount taken orally, 5.9% is converted to testosterone.
Relatively high rate of aromatization to estrogens, and consequently higher risk of side-effects such as gynecomastia brought on by excessive estrogen formation.
Exhibits significant androgenic properties, which may result in side effects such as male pattern baldness, acne, and enlarged prostate.
A recent study looking at the long term effects of androstenedione use in rats for their entire life cycle showed no increase in mortality over a control group, showing that androstenedione and presumably all prohormones without chemical modifications to be reasonably safe.

4-androstenediol (4-AD)
Converts to: testosterone via 3bHSD
Conversion rate of about 15.76%, almost triple that of androstenedione, due to utilization of a different enzymatic pathway.

Converts to: nortestosterone (also called nandrolone) via 17bHSD
Only slightly less anabolic than testosterone.
Low rate of aromatization to estrogens.
Low occurrence of androgenic side effects.

Converts to: nortestosterone vis 3bHSD
Low occurrence of androgenic side effects.

1-androstenediol (1-AD)
Converts to: 1-testosterone, a 5-alpha reduced 1-ene steroid; 1-testosterone is better (although rarely) described as dihydroboldenone, the 5-alpha reduced version of the naturally occurring steroid boldenone
Cannot aromatize to estrogen either directly or through any of its metabolic products. However, 1-Testosterone, being a 5-alpha reduced steroid, is highly androgenic; it is very similar to Dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Many side effects associated with excessive levels of DHT, including male pattern baldness, testicular shrinkage, benign prostate hypertrophy and acne can occur with 1-AD usage. (Journal of Organic chem. vol, 27 1962 iss.1)

1,4-androstadienedione (1,4 AD)
Converts to: boldenone
High level of oral bioavailability.
Low rate of aromatization to estrogens (approximately half that of testosterone).
Low occurrence of androgenic side effects.

1-testosterone (1-T)
similar to testosterone except instead of a 4,5-double bond it has a 1,2-double bond.
has about 20% oral bioavailability compared with less than 5% for testosterone
non-aromatizing to estrogen or DHT has irritative properties making it too painful to inject, and has extremely bitter taste, making transcutaneous topical solutions the only practical human delivery method. It was commercialized this way in the United States before 2005, when it became illegal together with many other prohormones.
History: 1-T was discovered in the 1950s, explored as a potential anabolic product by the pharmaceutical company G.D. Searle, but not commercialized at the time due to difficulty in delivery. Also considered a steroid

As an example of a product containing pro-hormones.


How can Your Personal Trainer Help You Achieve Bodybuilding success?

personal trainer bodybuilding success



Rob Lagana is a Personal Trainerand Bodybuilding Expert

Ottawa Personal Trainer, Rob Lagana presents: How can one achieve Bodybuilding success?  Read up on Bikini Contest Prep here, Why you need an online Bikini contest prep coach and here, What are natural bikini competitions

There are so many things to think about, plan, and execute to achieve bodybuilding success. As noted above there are a few things any bodybuilder must utilize to become competitive and make a name for themselves as they step on stage. To get things started, let’s keep it simple. These are the basics:

Commitment, Desire, Reliability, Posing, Effective meal plans, Effective workout plans and Supplementation all have to be put into the puzzle and fused together with patience and intellect.

This is an area in which a good personal trainer can help: Bodybuilding is not a sprint, it’s a chosen lifestyle. To be successful, the individual must realize the amount of time and effort that needs to be put in to reach their goal of stepping on stage and qualifying for the next level up. With all of these pieces to the puzzle, you have to recognize that without all of them, there’s a less probability of becoming that person you envisioned in your head on stage. The ultimate way to achieve success in my opinion is through taking pictures or videos of your transformation process and telling people you are competing. Take pictures every 2-3 weeks and notice how much your body composition changes. Seeing the weekly changes motivates you to maintain your hard work and strive for your goal. Seeing your body fat slowly diminish, the love handles, the belly, and lower back fat starting to shed, and your upper body shredding and veins starting to pop are all signs that you are on the right track and making success to getting your body in prime form to be award winning on stage. Tell as many people as possible that you are competing. This usually project an image of you that you should keep up because you don’t want people envisioning your failure…

What are some important characteristics that a Bodybuilder should have?



The initial point people struggle with is Commitment. They start with a dream and want to attain great results on stage, but ultimately they actually do not have what it takes to train hard and follow a strict meal plan on a consistent basis. The initial major step for the Commitment is selecting out a show. If its 10 months away, 1 year away or 2 years away choose a show that you would like to do, and STICK TO IT. Just remember if you sitting at 25% or 30% body fat, you better make sure you start at least 1 year out. It’s not as easy as you think.


Just after you pick your show now it’s now time to devote to your eating plan and workouts since that is going to be 95% of how your body shapes in the end. Every single rep counts and every piece of food you put in your body counts towards the day of the show. Prep all your meals for day and make sure you bring all of them with you. This ensures you won’t miss a meal or cheat. Write down your workouts inside a notebook, and continually take it with you for the gym to measure progress. Are you currently becoming stronger? Are you hitting a plateau? Are you seeing achievement in adding more reps for your workout routines? They are factors you have to gauge to see if you are getting real results depending on what your goals are in the gym.

passion for personal trainer bodybuilding wordle


As stated above Commitment is critical. In case you can’t stroll in to the gym and desire to be a legit individual and improve on what you did yesterday you might be setting yourself up for not becoming productive but going by way of just motions (which is what you don’t want). There must be a trigger going off inside of yourself saying that this really is what I wish to do, and if you do not have the fire or passion burning inside it is possible to bet your other competition does and that they’re outworking you. Passion for me as stated is greatest seen by means of photographs or videos of my physique, as well as the muscle pumps in the gym and performance. I have usually taken photos every 2-3 weeks or possibly a video update as soon as a month to determine the body composition changes. I attempt to choose out lagging physique parts, or body-parts that usually hold a lot more fat and take measurements to see if they’re reducing through diet regime and training. If it’s not changing then I need to correct my plan. As I continue to track my progress I can notice where issues are starting to dial in, and where I can enhance to bring up my body for the stage to produce a peeled and muscular physique to impress the judges.

Reliability and Loyalty


Ever hear the phrase “Reliability is Key” When you are not consistent or reliable you are setting yourself up for failure. Bodybuilding, Figure, Physique competition is about staying consistent towards your goals. Posing and nailing your routine to ensure issues go smooth on stage. Arranging your meals and having adequate calories to diet and preserve muscle tissue, is super important. Hitting your workouts and cardio every week to attain your perfect physique. Becoming consistent and reliable with taking all of your supplements to give yourself that extra edge above your competitors. Look at how many scenarios I’m giving you and how in the event you fall off one particular of them you could be falling behind in success. There are actually so many tiny particulars in bodybuilding that can sidetrack your progress. Not spiking your foot on your side chest, side tricep, or rear lat spread could give your opponent an edge because you’re not revealing your body part properly. Regularly practicing your posing or having a coach to appear over you, will greatly improve your success. Are you willing to provide a particular chunk of your time every day/every week towards fulfilling your objective? Finding a rhythm and in no way skipping a beat, by undertaking this character you are generating good habits and permitting yourself to gradually make positive progress.

Jay Cutler posing


An important part of stage presentation is displaying your physique with practiced posing. Among the valuable things on stage in bodybuilding, figure or physique is realizing ways to expose the body and show your strengths and hide your weaknesses. Many individuals don’t believe in practicing their posing in the offseason, and only paying attention as time closes in on you contest they may be setting themselves up for failure. Posing is a great tool to understand due to the fact by displaying your weaknesses within the offseason it allows yourself time to develop them to be more balanced before your show. Bringing up a physique part which will lack on stage is usually a fantastic way to know since this may make symmetry, balance, proportions which judges are seeking. Getting thick striated quads, bulging biceps, and thick striated triceps will make a full package, but when you step on stage and also you cannot show off your lats or understand how to nail a front double bicep by forgetting to flex your quads or suck within your gut, you happen to be falling behind! I very much advise you to hire a posing coach. If not attempt to locate somebody in your gym who has competed to devote time with them on having to expose the body and understanding the way to get down the basic eight mandatory poses.

Effective Meal Plans


Diet regime is 100% important in getting the physique you want. Diet and training go hand in hand. Men and women have stated your body is reflected 100% via your diet regime and what you consume. Eating the foods that suit your goals and your body’s digestion of them, is the greatest way to achieve success. You will find that some people get bloated off eating whole wheat breads, oatmeal, and pasta. If this can be the case you must go back for the drawing board and sketch the right diet program and of course your success will greatly improve if you hire a nutritionist that specializes in helping competitive bodybuilders, figure and physique athletes. Some individuals can consume as much as 350-400g of carbs though dieting and reach success. This is rare, but it goes to show you it’s possible depending on who you are. Everyone is unique, so you have to find the right macronutrient ratio that will serve your goals. Focusing on a diet program on slow burning carbs, lean proteins, and critical fatty acids could be the key to achievement is maintaining the ultimate physique!

Effective Workout Plans


In my opinion, a workout plan should be changed every month to avoid boredom and take advantage of the body’s adaptation processes. The workout plan should be customized and geared to toward your goals. A figure workout plan should focus heavily on shoulders, all three heads, back, butt and hamstrings. The rep range for a figure workout should be around 8-12 reps, involve a wide variety of exercises and plyo. A bodybuilding workout should focus on every body part and a heavy focus on what is lacking in terms of size, proportions and symmetry. The rep range of a bodybuilding workout should be around 5-12 reps and should involve a lot of compound and isolation exercises. A physique workout should focus on the same, except, no need to hit quads or hams hard, because they are covered on stage with board shorts. The rep range for a physique workout should be around 12-15 reps. An effective workout plan should change and progressively get harder or introduce new intensity factors every month. Of course, since the workout is customize, it should contain integrated exercises and flexibility to help prevent injuries. The workout plans also should include cardio plans. Cardio, just like weight training, should change up every month and timing of cardio is very important. As an example, you’ll burn more fat, on an empty stomach.



The last piece with the puzzle is supplementation. As a Bodybuilder, Figure, Physique you need to be taking the essentials – Whey Protein, to hit your protein demands, Fish-Oils, to hit your EFA’s, plus a Multi-Vitamin, to acquire those critical vitamins and minerals you cannot get by means of whole foods and a Greens supplement, to help get more anti-oxidants and help balance your body’s PH levels. As you continue to drop calories you get to eat less food. Branch Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) are amazing since they are instantly absorbed by the bloodstream. Training eats up glycogen and aminos in the tissues. The tissues breakdown when working out hard. BCAA’s quickly recharge the body of what it’s losing to maintain yourself in an anabolic state at all times!. What do you need to do away with that final layer of fat in your abs? Are you holding a little additional water/fat in your hamstrings? Xeno-estrogens can cause fat storage especially in the legs. Doing an estro-cleanse will help with fat burning in these areas. Stress is also a big player in holding belly fat, so chill out and don’t sweat the small stuff or it will build up in your belly.

Overwhelmed? Get in touch with a highly experienced bodybuilding personal trainer today!

Start A Supplement Program on a Tight Budget

How do I start a supplement program to help me with my muscle building and/or fat loss goals?

In my article Basic Concepts of Supplement Aids, you’ve understood that supplement will assist your fitness and health. Ergogenic supplements are basically sport and exercise performance enhancing supplements. You now know how supplements work at the fundamental level.

The problem I see with most people that there’s so many supplements to choose from at their local retailer such as GNC or on the Internet that they have no idea what they need that can help improve their health, fitness and/or sport and exercise.

The other problem is that with so many brands, it’s hard to determine manufacture quality for the amount of money you pay. Typically, the higher you pay, the better quality you think you are receiving in the brand or product from the manufacturer.

As you know, there is plenty of marketing hype on supplements. Most Supplement companies spend more money on marketing hype than the actual product ingredients. That concerns me and it should concern you. How do you know your truly paying for a high quality multi-vitamin and mineral or a good creatine complex?

To start a supplement program you need to get expert advice from someone that tried at least the majority of supplements on the market from different manufacturers.

You need to find someone that has continually measured their results when taking one specific supplement or stack of supplements. As an example, you can be bench pressing 185 lbs for 10 reps and stay at that intensity for a few weeks. Then you try buy creatine complex and start taking this creatine. Your routine hasn’t changed but you notice that the weight feels lighter and you start to increase your intensity. That’s a supplement that has a direct ergogenic effect because it works and your results can be measured.

I’ve been testing supplements on and off for about 20 years now. I’ve tried everything from desiccated animal liver tabs to ZMA and back. It was part of my job! I was a large retail purchaser for supplements and if I were to do business with a vendor and sell their product, I would have to try myself and see positive, noticeable results.

Here’s my inside tips on starting an affordable supplement program that won’t disappoint you! The program below is based on your target goal of training and your age.
No specific brand or manufacturer is mentioned as it is up to you to do a bit of your own research or specifically ask an expert.

Overall Health (What everyone needs)

This is your foundation.

Multi-vitamin and mineral formula
Anti-oxidant formula

Age: Over 18 and Under 29

Muscle Builders

Protein powder
Branch Chain Amino Acids

Fat Loss Products
Ephedra-Free Thermogenic (no ephedrine)
Fatty Acids such CLA

Age: Over the age of 29
Muscle Builders

Natural Testosterone Booster
Growth Hormone Booster
Glutamine Product
Leucine Product
Protein Powder

Fat Loss Products
Stimulant Free Fat Loss Product (no caffeine – no ephedrine)
Anti-Cortisol Product
MRP (Meal Replacement Powder)
Essential Fatty Acids (such as Omega 3)

This information will start you on the right path toward your muscle building and/or fat loss goals. No supplement program will work effectively without a proper nutritional and training plan.
Nutrition will make up for at least 70% of positive results with supplementation being 10% of that measurement. The rest is exercising and recovery. As you can see, try to focus more on solid
food nutrition for best results with any supplement and training program.
You can start today and visit your local supplement retailer. Remember they may try and sell you something that is not in the list above, so, just say No Thank You and save your money.